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ראשי  >  כיתה וירטואלית > בדיקות מעבדה

בדף זה תוכלו למצוא ערכי נורמה של בדיקות  מעבדה.

האתרים בדף זה נבחרו בשל עמידתם בקריטריונים אקדמיים או מקצועיים בעת בחירתם. מאמצים נעשו להביא מידע מקיף ככל שניתן בנושא. בחלק מהמקרים הובאו אתרים שמיועדים לציבור הרחב ולא לאנשי מקצוע והדבר צוין. בכל מקרה, אתר קביים אינו נושא באחריות לגבי תכנים המוצגים באתרים אלה.

הערה חשובה - כדאי להבחין בין אתר המביא מידע רפואי לבין אתר בו מידע מקצועי שניתן להשתמש בו לצורך כתיבת עבודות ותרגילים! אם אין לכם את כל הפרטים הנדרשים לצורך רישום מקובל של המקור - סביר להניח שלא כדאי להשתמש בדף / אתר כמקור לכתיבה והגשת תרגיל או עבודה!

למידע נוסף על בחירת אתרים, כתיבה אקדמית ורישום מקורות.

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ערכי נורמה של בדיקות מעבדה

דגימה יחידות נורמה בדיקת דם
Plasma 0.06-3.0  mg/L 17 Hydroxyprogesterone (M)
Plasma 0.2-1.0 mg/L 17 Hydroxyprogesterone (F) Follicular phase
Plasma 0.5-3.5 mg/L 17 Hydroxyprogesterone (F)Luteal phase
Plasma 8-80 ng/mL 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]
Plasma 9-52 pg/mL Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), 8 A.M.
Serum 0-35 U/L Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT)
Serum 3.5-5.5 g/dL Albumin
Serum <8.1 U/L Aldolase
Urine  5-19 mg/d Aldosterone
Serum <30 ng/mL Alpha fetoprotein (adult)
Serum 85-213 mg/dL Alpha1 antitrypsin
Serum 10-80 mg/dL Ammonia, as NH3
Serum 60-150 U/L Amylase
Plasma 0.8-1.3 ng/mL Androstenedione (M)
Plasma 1-2 ng/mL Androstenedione (F)
Plasma 10-30 pg/mL Angiotensin II, 8 A.M.
Serum <40 U/L Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
Serum <1:80 titer Antinuclear antibody agglutination
Arterial Blood 21-30 meq/L Arterial blood gas [HCO3-]
Arterial Blood 35-45 mmHg Arterial blood gas PCO2
Arterial Blood   Arterial blood gas pH
Arterial Blood 80-100 mmHg Arterial blood gas PO2
Serum 0.4-1.0 mg/dL Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)
Serum 0-35 U/L Aspartate Aminotransferase

(AST, SGOT)

Blood 0-4% Bands
Blood 0-2% BASO (basophils)
Blood 0-2% Basophils (BASO)
Plasma <3 mg/dL Beta -Hydroxybutyrate
Serum 0.1-0.3 mg/dL Bilirubin, Direct
Serum 0.2-0.7 mg/dL Bilirubin, Indirect
Serum 0.3-1.0 mg/dL Bilirubin, total
Blood <7 min Bleeding time (Simplate)
Plasma <13.8 pg/mL Calcitonin (M)
Plasma <6.4 pg/mL Calcitonin (F)
Serum 9-10.5 mg/dL Calcium
Blood 4.5-5.6 mg/dL Calcium, ionized
Serum 23-28 meq/L Carbon dioxide content
Arterial blood 35-45 mmHg Carbon dioxide tension (PCO2)
Blood 0-2.3%

Carboxyhemoglobin non-smoker

Blood 2.1-4.2%

Carboxyhemoglobin smoker

Serum 75-300 mg/dL Carotene
Serum 50-300 mg/dL Carotenoids
Serum 27-37 ng/dL Ceruloplasmin
Serum 98-106 meq/L Chloride
Plasma >40 mg/dL Cholesterol, HDL (Acceptable)
Plasma 35-39 mg/dL Cholesterol, HDL (Borderline depressed)
Plasma <35 mg/dL Cholesterol, HDL (Depressed)
Plasma <130 mg/dL Cholesterol, LDL (Acceptable)
Plasma 131-159 mg/dL Cholesterol, LDL (Borderline elevated)
Plasma >160 mg/dL Cholesterol, LDL (Elevated)
Plasma 150-199 mg/dL Cholesterol, Total (Acceptable)
Plasma 200-239 mg/dL Cholesterol, Total (Borderline elevated)
Plasma >240 mg/dL Cholesterol, Total (Elevated)
Plasma <3 mIU/mL

Chorionic gonadotropin, Beta-subunit (BhCG), (M)and nonpregnant (F)

Serum 70-155 mg/dL Copper
Plasma 5-25 mg/dL Cortisol  A.M.
Plasma 3-12 mg/dL Cortisol P.M.
Urine 10-50 mg/d Cortisol Urinary Free
Serum < 3% of total Creatine kinase-MB
Serum <1.5 mg/dL Creatinine
Serum <190 U/L Creatinine kinase (CK) (F)
Serum <235 U/L Creatinine kinase (CK) (M)
Plasma 2-9 ng/dL Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
Serum <20 mg/dL Delta-aminolevulinic acid
Plasma 2-9 ng/dL DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone)
Plasma 500-2500 mg/dL DHEA sulfate
Blood 0-7% EOS (eosinophils)
Blood 0-7% Eosinophils (EOS)
Blood 4.15-4.90 × 106/mm3 Erythrocyte count
Serum   Erythropoietin
Plasma <50 pg/mL Estradiol (M)
Plasma 20-60 pg/mL Estradiol (F) (higher at ovulation)
Blood <0.005% Ethanol
Blood >2 h Euglobulin lysis time
Plasma <18 mg/dL Fatty acids, free (nonesterified)
Serum 15-400 ng/mL Ferritin (M)
Serum 10-200 ng/mL Ferritin (F)
Plasma 150-400 mg/dL Fibrinogen
Serum 2.5-20 ng/mL Folate
Red blood cells 160-855 ng/mL  Folate, red cell
Red cell 150-450 ng/mL cells Folic acid
Serum 3-16 ng/mL cells Folic acid
Plasma 0.9-15 mIU/mL Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (M)
Plasma 34-96 mIU/mL Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Postmenopausal Women
Plasma 2.3-21 mIU/mL Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (F) Ovulatory surge
Plasma 1.4-9.6 mIU/mL Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

(F) Mature, premenopausal, except at ovulation

Plasma 0.9-15 mIU/mL FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone)
Serum 40-180 pg/mL Gastrin
Plasma 50-100 pg/mL Glucagon
Plasma >140 mg/dL Glucose fasting (Diabetes mellitus)
Plasma 75-115 mg/dL Glucose fasting (Normal)
Plasma 140-200 mg/dL Glucose--2 hour post prandial (Impaired glucose tolerance)
Plasma <140 mg/dL Glucose--2 hour post prandial
Plasma >200 mg/dL Glucose--2 hour postprandial  (Diabetes mellitus)
Blood 12.1 ± 2 IU/g Hb Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
Serum <2 ng/mL Growth hormone, after 100 g oral glucose
Blood Negative Ham's test (acid serum)
Blood 50-220 mg/dL Haptoglobin (serum)
Blood <2% HbF (Hemoglobin, fetal)
Blood 37-48% HCT (F)(hematocrit)
Blood 42-52% HCT (M)(Hematocrit)
Blood 37-48% Hematocrit (F) (HCT)
Blood 42-52% Hematocrit (M)(HCT)
Whole Blood 3.8-6.4% Hemoglobin A1c
Blood 1.5-3.5% Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2)
Blood 12-16 g/dL Hemoglobin (F)
Blood 14-18 g/dL Hemoglobin (M)
Blood 12-16 g/dL Hemoglobin Whole blood (F)
Blood 13-18 g/dL Hemoglobin Whole blood (M)
Blood <2% Hemoglobin, fetal (HbF)
Serum or Plasma 6-26 mU/mL Insulin, fasting
Serum 60-150 mg/dL Iron
Serum 20-45% Iron Saturation
Serum 250-370 mg/dL Iron-binding capacity
Plasma 6-16 mg/dL Lactate (Lactic acid)
Serum 100-190 U/L Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
Serum 14-26%

Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 1 (of total)

Serum 29-39% Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 2 (of total)
Serum 20-26% Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 3 (of total)
Serum 8-16% Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 4 (of total)
Serum 6-16% Lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes Fraction 5 (of total)
Blood 13-100 m/L LAP (leukocyte alkaline phosphatase)
Serum 100-190 U/L LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase)
Serum <40 mg/dL Lead
Blood 13-100 m/L Leukocyte Alkaline phosphatase (LAP)
Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 Leukocyte (WBC, white blood cell count)
Serum 0-160 U/L Lipase
Serum 0-3 mg/dL Lipoprotein (a)
Serum 1.3-13 mIU/mL Lutenizing hormon  (M)
Serum 0.8-26 mIU/mL Lutenizing hormone (F) Mature, premenopausal, except at ovulation
Serum 25-57 mIU/mL Lutenizing hormone (F) Ovulatory surge
Serum 40-104 mIU/mL Lutenizing hormone (F) Postmenopausal
Blood 16-45% Lymphocytes (Lymphs)
Blood 16-45% Lymphs (lymphocyes)
Serum 1.8-3 mg/dL Magnesium
Blood 28-33 pg/cell MCH (Mean corpuscular hemoglobin)
Blood 32-36 g/dL Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
Blood 86-98 mm3 Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
Blood 4-10% Mono (monocytes)
Serum <55 ng/L Myoglobin 
Blood 45-74% Neutrophils (Poly, PMN)
Plasma 285-295 mosmol/kg Osmolality
B, arterial 97% Oxygen percent saturation (sea level)
Blood 80-100 mmHg Oxygen tension (PO2)
Serum 10-60 pg/mL Parathyroid hormone
Plasma <1.3 pmol/L Parathyroid hormone-related protein
Arterial Blood 7.38-7.44 pH
Serum 0-5.5 U/L Phosphatase, acid
Serum 30-120 U/L Phosphatase, alkaline
Serum 3-4.5 mg/dL Phosphorus, inorganic
Blood 130,000-400,000/mm3 Platelets
Blood 45-74% PMN (neutrophils, Poly)
Serum 3.5-5.0 meq/L Potassium
Plasma <2 ng/mL Progesterone

(M), prepubertal girls, preovulatory women, postmenopausal women

Plasma 2-20 ng/mL Progesterone Women, luteal, peak
Serum 2-15 ng/mL Prolactin
Serum 0.0-4.0 ng/mL Prostate specific antigen (M) >40 years
Serum 0.0-2.0 ng/mL Prostate specific antigen (M) <40 years
Serum <0.5 ng/mL Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (F)
Serum 5.5-8.0 g/dL Protein, total
Blood 16-36 mg/dL of RBCs Protoporphyrin, free erythrocyte (FEP)
Serum

>25% associated with BPH

PSA, free, in (M) 45-75 years, with PSA values 4 - 20 mg/mL

Plasma 0.5-1.5 mg/dL Pyruvate
Blood 13-15% RDW (Red cell distribution width)
Blood 13-15% Red cell distribution width (RDW)
Serum 2.6-18.9 ng/dL Reverse T3 (rT3)
Serum <40 IU/mL Rheumatoid factor
Serum 2.6-18.9 ng/dL rT3 (Reverse T3) 
Serum 136-145 meq/L Sodium
Blood Negative Sucrose hemolysis
Serum 230-420 pg/dL T3 (Free)
Serum 60-181 ng.dL T3 (Total)
Plasma 3-10 ng/mL Testosterone (M)
Plasma <1 ng/mL Testosterone (F)
Serum 0-60 ng/mL Thyroglobulin
Serum 0.4-5.0 mU/mL Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Serum 5-12 mg/dL Thyroxine (T4)
Serum 230-390 mg/dL Transferrin
Serum <160 mg/dL Triglycerides
Serum 0-0.4 ng/mL Troponin I
Serum 0-0.1 ng/mL Troponin T
Serum 0.4-5.0 mU/mL TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone)
Serum 10-20 mg/dL Urea nitrogen
Serum 2.5-8.0 mg/dL Uric acid (M)
Serum 1.5-6.0 mg/dL Uric acid (F)
Serum 20-100 mg/dL Vitamin A
Serum 0-2 mg/dL Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Serum 200-600 pg/mL Vitamin B12
Serum 4-24 mg/dL Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
Plasma 5-30 ng/ml Vitamin B6
Serum 0.4-1.0 mg/dL Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Serum 25-45 pg/mL Vitamin D3,1,25-dihydroxy
Plasma 14-42 ng/mL Vitamin D3,25-hydroxy         חורף
Plasma 15-80 ng/mL Vitamin D3,25-hydroxy        קיץ
Serum 5-18 mg/mL Vitamin E
Blood 60-150% von Willebrand's antigen
Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 WBC (leukocyte, white blood cell count)
Blood 0-30 mm/h Sedimention Rate (F) > 50 yr (שקיעת דם)
Blood 0-20 mm/h Sedimention Rate (M) >50 yr (שקיעת דם)
Blood 4.3-10.8 × 103/mm3 White blood cell count (leukocyte count, WBC)
Serum 75-120 mg/dL Zinc

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